What Is Robotic Surgery?
Prior to 2000, all surgeries in the medical community were done manually by a trained medical professional. Then the FDA approved the robotic surgery device known as the da Vinci Surgical System. Robotic surgery is performed by an advanced robotic device. This robotic tool is used like a scalpel or forceps in the surgeon’s hands, where the surgical procedure is done with a remote-control device. It is equipped with several smaller robotic hands that can rotate 360 degrees. It has three-dimensional (3D) cameras, which can view much more closely and in smaller areas. The surgeon will sit at the robot’s controls, guiding the robotic hands while watching through the 3D cameras.
Surgeons regard the use of the robots as enabling them to place themselves in much closer, smaller areas than what they can physically accomplish without the robots. The robots can perform precise procedures with minimal invasiveness. Their use is ideally suited for routine surgical procedures.
Pros Of Robotic Surgery
· More Precise Surgeries Surgical robots can perform smaller, less-invasive procedures. The smaller hands of the robot require smaller incisions.
· Less Trauma Because the robots can perform less-invasive procedures, there is less pain and faster recovery period.
· Less Human Errors The robot’s hands are free of human trembling. The surgeon’s anxiety does not transfer to his performance.
· More Accuracy Because the surgeon’s performance is not impacted by his own strain due to the robot’s precision, he can perform procedures with a higher accuracy. The robot software can compensate for slight movements allowing steady execution.
· Reduced Surgeon Fatigue Many surgical procedures demand long hours of standing on the surgical team’s feet to operate. This causes fatigue, which in turn can cause mistakes. But the robotic surgical system is directed by the surgeon while he sits comfortably at the controls. This reduces fatigue and the possible errors arising from it.
Cons Of Robotic Surgery
· Robotic Surgery is Expensive Significant costs are added to traditional surgeries when you add the experience of robotic surgery. There is an average of $3000 to $6000 above the price of ordinary surgeries when done robotically. Besides the high cost of installing a surgical robotic system itself, there are the additional costs of the training and the maintenance of the equipment.
· Procedural Latency The biggest challenge for robotic surgery is the problem of latency in the surgical operations. The delay between the command by the surgeon’s remote control and the time the task is executed is the latency. This delay is not a significant problem for routine operations involving no real urgency. But this delay can be critical when quick actions are required by the surgeon in some scenarios. If an accidental cut is made and causes unforeseen bleeding, then quick responsiveness is demanded.
The medical community still needs to weigh whether the advantages of robotic surgery outweighs the disadvantages and the expense. But it seems safe to say that it will always be one of the tools for surgical procedures in the modern world. In time, the right software technology and expertise can overcome the disadvantages. The value of microsurgeries being performed robotically with less cutting and trauma is undeniable.