RPA Vs. API Integration


What Is RPA?

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is the automating of processes to replace redundant human labor. It is utilizing software technologies to perform routine tasks in a company. It uses bots to perform designated functions. RPA is a related technology to Artificial Intelligence (AI) but not the same.

RPA is a robotic tool that mimics human interaction by doing common work. It performs workflow operations that do not require decision-making and judgments. AI does more of the thinking type of human work. RPA improves workflow by automating common processes. RPA is always improving, with the main advantage over past versions being the Graphical User Interface (GUI). The user experience is more intuitive and friendly.

Robotic Process Automation (RPA) is implemented on the front end of processes. It is a rules-based technology that produces repetitive work. It uses Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies such as Machine Learning (ML) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) to behave with human-like intelligence during its tasks.

What Is API?

Application Programming Interface (API) is a piece of software technology that interacts with other software technology. It works on the back end of a process as a tool that specifies ways software can interact with an application. It functions to acquire pieces of information and then to serve up those pieces of data for the larger software to act on.

API is software that interfaces with another program. An example is where a flight aggregator program listing airline flight schedules is updated. Various airline companies’ own flight APIs each update the flight aggregator with current data.

RPA Vs. API Integration Differences

· Robotic Process Automation (RPA) works on the front end of a company process. It provides automating of repetitive tasks. It streamlines a company workflow with tireless and accurate bots.

· Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) are deployed on the back end of a company process. It interfaces with the RPA software with individual data input.

· RPA is a surface-level application. It can be used to allow applications to talk to each other.

· API is a coded software integration. It allows applications to talk to each other.

· RPA is inexpensive to implement.

· APIs are expensive and time-consuming to develop.

· RPA runs in the foreground and can be modified easily.

· API runs in the background and are not modified easily.

· RPA is not scalable for a workflow transaction that is high-speed.

· RPA needs a higher degree of maintenance performed as the software requirements change with the business needs.


A key for any company’s growth is an investment in Robotic Process Automation (RPA). The significant value-add tools of Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) will also contribute to success, improvement of productivity, and the savings of time and money. RPA will streamline an organization’s routine tasks and will free up personnel for higher-value concerns. The tedious work can be effectively eliminated. APIs can help with fine-tuning the process of a workflow by providing important and current data updates and allowing applications to interface.

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